The Romans study continues with Romans 9:19-29…
19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?”
20 On the contrary, who are you,O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it?
21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?
22 What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction?
23 And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,
24 even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles.
25 As He says also in Hosea, “I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’ And her who was not beloved, ‘beloved.’”
26 “And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My people,’ There they shall be called sons of the living God.”
27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “Though the number of the sons of Israel be like the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that will be saved;
28 for the Lord will execute His word on the earth, thoroughly and quickly.”
29 And just as Isaiah foretold, “Unless the Lord of Sabaoth had left to us a posterity, We would have become like Sodom, and would have resembled Gomorrah.”
Read Romans 9:19. Can you put this question in your own words? Write it out below.
This question basically asks, “How can it be my fault if my heart is hard and I am not saved if it all depends on God?” It’s really a question that comes from a heart that says, “It’s not my fault, it’s God’s”
Look up and read Genesis 3:12. Who did Adam blame for his sin? (hint: he blamed 2 people)
the __ __ __ __ __ and __ __ __
Whose fault was it really? Who was the one who knew the truth, love, and care of God but chose to listen to someone else? Circle your answer.
Adam Eve Serpent God The tree
Read Romans 9:20-21. How does the Spirit of God through the writings of Paul answer this question? Fill in the blanks.
On the contrary, __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ , O man, who answers back __ __ __ __ __ ?
Look up and read Genesis 1:1. Who created who? Answer True or False below (T or F)
______ God created man _____ man created God
Look up and read Job 38:1-18 and Job 40:6-8. This is some of God’s answer to the complaining that Job had done about God. As read these verse who do you discover is the only one who has a right to complain about anything, Job or God?
__ __ __
Read Romans 9:22-24. Answer the questions below.
Who does God endure with much patience?
vessels of __ __ __ __ __
What are these vessels of wrath prepared for?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Why does God endure them?
to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of
__ __ __ __ __
When were the vessels of mercy prepared?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Who are the vessels of mercy?
even us, whom He __ __ __ __ __ __ , not from among Jews only, but also from among __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
The word “prepared” in Romans 9:22 is katartizó and it means to complete thoroughly. The verb tense of this word teaches us that these “vessels of wrath” already existed this way and are just left that way.
Look up and read Romans 3:10-23. What is the condition of all of us?
there is none __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ have __ __ __ __ __ __
Look up and read Romans 1:6, Romans 1:16, and 1 Corinthians 21-25. Who are “the called” or the “vessels of mercy”? Circle your answer.
those who do good things
those who are Jews
those who believe the gospel
Read Romans 9:25-26.
These verses are quotes from the Old Testament. Paul uses these quotes to show us that becoming a child of God has always been through believing God. He also shows us that from the beginning God always planned to offer His salvation to both Jew and Gentile.
Look up and read Romans 8:9-17. How do we know if we are a child of God?
we have the __ __ __ __ __ __ of God
Look up and read Ephesians 1:13. How do we get the Spirit of God?
We believe the __ __ __ __ __ __ of salvation
Read Romans 9:27-29.
These verses are also quotes from the Old Testament. Paul uses these verses to show the Jewish believers that God’s Word has not failed. God has fulfilled it and is still fulfilling it.
Look up and read Genesis 22:15-18. Did God keep this promise to Abraham?
Look up and read John 8:37-42. Is being a physical child (or descendant) of Abraham the same thing as being a child of God?
Read Romans 9:29 again. If God did not have mercy on us, Jew and Gentile alike, if He did not leave a remnant on this earth that loved Him, what would happen to every nation and people on this earth?
become like __ __ __ __ __,
and would resemble __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
THINK ABOUT IT…
You can read about Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 18-19, Deuteronomy 32, Isaiah 3, Jeremiah 23, Lamentations 4, all the way to Revelation 11.
In Genesis, God utterly destroyed the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah because their sin was so great.
Our sin is so great that if God did not have mercy on us, none of us could be saved. He has every right to destroy all of us, but He doesn’t.
He offers us grace. He keeps a remnant here on the earth to share the gospel with others. He also has not given up on the children of Israel. We will learn more about this as we continue in this section of our Romans study.
That’s enough for today!