The last handouts made for the Romans Study for Kids were on Romans 3:25-31. Today I am posting the Handouts for Romans 4. So this is a long post… but here is a study for Romans 4 that I believe you will be able to use with your kids to help them learn the glorious truth in this chapter.
What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found?
2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”
4 Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due.
5 But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness,
6 just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
7 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven, And whose sins have been covered.
8 “Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will not take into account.”
In Romans 4 Paul shows us how God uses Abraham as an example to show all of us that justification is by faith and not by our works or by the Law.
Read Romans 4:1-2. Even if Abraham had worked really hard and been really good and was able to be justified by his works, could he boast about that before God? Could He impress God with his works? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:3. What does the Scripture say about how Abraham was justified or declared righteous? Fill in the blanks with your answer.
Abraham __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ God and it was
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ to him as righteousness
Read Romans 4:4. What do you learn about works and credit?
Now to the one who works, his wage is __ __ __ credited
as a favor, but as what is __ __ __
If you work for something is your payment a favor as a gift or is your payment due to you because you earned it? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:5. What happens to the one who does not work , but believes in God who justifies the ungodly?
his __ __ __ __ __ is __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ as righteousnessThe word “faith” in the Greek is pistis and it means conviction of the truth, belief.
So it was Abraham’s conviction of the truth, his belief in God and what God said that justified him.
Read Romans 4:5 again. Who does God justify?
the __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Look back at Romans 1:18-19 and Romans 3:10-18. According to what you have learned in Romans so far, who are the ungodly? Circle all that apply.
Jews Gentiles Everyone Noone
Read Romans 4:6. Who also speaks to us about God crediting righteousness apart from works?
__ __ __ __ __
What does David call this credit of righteousness?
a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
The word “blessing” in the Greek is Makarismos and it means declaration of blessedness, to utter a declaration of blessedness upon one, to pronounce one blessed.
According to this definition, do you earn a blessing? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:7-8. These verses come from Psalm 32:1-2. According to these verses who is blessed?
1) those whose lawless deeds have been
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
2) those whose sins have been __ __ __ __ __ __ __
3) those whose __ __ __ the Lord will not take into account
The greatest blessing and gift we can receive is God forgiving our lawless deeds and not crediting us the wage of our sin. Read Romans 6:23 to see what the wages of sin is. What is the wage for sin?
__ __ __ __ __
When we believe God and His promise to us He credits us with righteousness and He pays sin for us. We did not earn the blessing, the forgiveness, or the righteousness… it is all the favor and gift of God to us for simply believing Him.
Is this blessing then on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say, “Faith was credited to Abraham as righteousness.”
10 How then was it credited? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised;
11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them,
12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which he had while uncircumcised.
13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith.
14 For if those who are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified;
15 for the Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there also is no violation.
16 For this reason it is by faith, in order that it may be in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,
17 (as it is written, “A father of many nations have I made you”) in the presence of Him whom he believed, even God, who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist.
18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “So shall your descendants be.”
19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now as good as dead since he was about a hundred years old, and the deadness of Sarah’s womb
20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God,
21 and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform.
22 Therefore it was also credited to him as righteousness.
23 Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him,
24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
25 He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.
Read Romans 4:9-10. What question does Paul ask about Abraham’s faith being credited to him as righteousness?
Did Abraham receive this blessing when he was
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ or
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ?
Look up and read Genesis 15:1-18. In what verse do we read that Abraham believed God and God reckons (or credits) Abraham as righteous?
In what verse do we read that God make a covenant with Abraham?
We learn that God made a covenant with Abraham on the same day that Abraham believed God and He credited it to him as righteousness.
Now look up and read Genesis 17:7-13. What did God say would be the sign of the covenant?
you shall be __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
According to what you have read in Genesis put the following in the order that they happened.
Circumcision 1. ___________
Believed God 2. ___________
Covenant made 3. ___________
What came last?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
If circumcision came last can it be what made God justify Abraham? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:10-12. When did Abraham have faith? Before or after he was circumcised?
Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:11 to find out why this is so important to know. Why was Abraham credited righteous before he received the sign of circumcision?
So that he might be the father of __ __ __ who
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ without being circumcised
According to what you have learned so far in Romans and the chapters you have read in Genesis, does a person have to be circumcised to be justified? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:13. Did Abraham receive his promise from God through the Law? Circle your answer.
When did Abraham receive the promise from God?
Look up and read Genesis 12:1-4 to find out.
When did God give Israel the Law?
Read Exodus 20:1-18 to find out.
According to the Bible what came first, the promise to Abraham or the Law? Circle your answer.
Go back and read Romans 3:20. What is the purpose of the Law?
Through the Law comes the __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ of __ __ __
Read Romans 4:15. What does the Law bring about?
__ __ __ __ __
Read Romans 3:21-22. How do we receive the righteousness of God? Circle your answer.
Through the Law Through faith in Jesus
Who can receive this righteousness? Circle your answer.
Those who are circumcised
Those who have the Law
Those who believe God.
Think about what you have learned so far in Genesis, Exodus, and Romans. Look at the list below and put everything in the order that they occur and put the Scripture reference that proves it.
Law 1. ________________
Promise 2. ________________
Circumcision 3. _________________
Believed God 4. _________________
Covenant made 5. _________________
What came first? _________________
What did Abraham believe? Circle your answer.
The Law The Promise
THINK ABOUT IT….
What promise has God made that He has asked us to believe so that we might be saved?
Read John 3:16.
Is there anything that God says we have to do before we believe?
Is there anything that God says that we have to do after we believe?
Read Romans 4:16. How does this verse begin?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
This verse tells us why God did not make the Law or circumcision the way for us to be justified and credited righteousness. If we were justified by the Law, who could be saved? Who can keep the Law and never break it? Can anyone? Circle your answer.
Read Romans 4:16 again. Fill in the blanks to complete the verse.
For this reason it is by __ __ __ __ __, in order that it may be in accordance with __ __ __ __ __, so that the __ __ __ __ __ __ __ will be guaranteed to __ __ __ the descendants, not only to those who are of the Law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us __ __ __
How can Abraham be the father of us all? Remember that Paul is writing this letter to the church, to the saints in Rome. Remember this and read Galatians 3:29 printed below.
And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, heirs according to promise.
According to this verse how do we become heirs to the promise and Abraham’s descendants?
if you belong to __ __ __ __ __ __
Look up and read Romans 10:9. How can we belong to Christ?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ with your mouth Jesus is Lord, and
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved
Read Romans 4:16 again. Read Ephesians 2:8-9 printed below and answer the questions.
For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.
How are you saved?
by __ __ __ __ __ you have been saved through
__ __ __ __ __
Read Romans 3:24 and compare it to Ephesians 2:8-9, what do both of the verses tell us about being saved?
it is a __ __ __ __ of __ __ __
Read Romans 3:27-28 and Romans 4:2 and compare it to Ephesians 2:8-9. Is there any one who can brag or boast about doing enough works to get themselves saved? Circle your answer.
Go ahead and read Romans 4:16-25. When you finish sit down with your mom and dad or another trusted adult as we study through and think about these last verses in Romans 4. As you read remember that Abraham is an example to us as to how God saves and keeps His promise to us.
THINK ABOUT IT…
When we read about Abraham and Sarah in the book of Genesis we learn that Abraham was 75 years old when God gave him the promise. If we look all the way back to Genesis 3:15 we see that this promise was made first to Adam and Eve. Then it was made to Noah in Genesis 6:18. Now God gives it Abraham in Genesis 12:1-4. God promises that he would become the father of many nations. God gives the promise, but Abraham still has to believe the promise. As we read about Abraham we learn that he makes a lot of mistakes as He tries to obey God, but He keeps trying. In Genesis 15 we learn that Abraham really believes the promise that God made him, and so God credits him righteous, God saves Him. Then Abraham and Sarah tried to help God keep His promise, but they only made things worse. God wanted them and us to know that our works and our efforts do not determine whether or not God keeps His promise. God keeps His promise because He is God.
So God made Abraham and Sarah wait until both their bodies were unable to make a baby on their own. Their baby making parts were as Romans 4:17-19 says, dead.
But dead does not mean anything to the God who creates life out of nothing. So when Abraham was 100 years old and Sarah was 90 years old, Isaac was born. God brought their baby making parts from death to life and fulfilled His promise… all because they believed Him.
In the same way our spirit inside of us is dead. It died when Adam and Eve disobeyed God. But God says if we believe in His promise, if we believe in Jesus, He will make our dead spirit alive. We will learn more about this as we study through the rest of Romans. It’s very exciting!
I want you to close your study today with working on memorizing Romans 4:20-21. Do this together with your mom and dad or your brother or sister. This is a very important passage to have hidden in your heart and mind. There is nothing more important than knowing that God will keep His Word.
yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God, and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform.
Write this verse on a card and read it three times a day.
You can also take a dry erase marker and write it on the mirror in your bathroom or bedroom. This way you can read it every time you go in there.